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pcregrep.c

/*************************************************
*               pcregrep program                 *
*************************************************/

/* This is a grep program that uses the PCRE regular expression library to do
its pattern matching. On a Unix system it can recurse into directories. */

#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include "pcre-config.h"
#include "pcre.h"

#define FALSE 0
#define TRUE 1

typedef int BOOL;

#define VERSION "2.0 01-Aug-2001"
#define MAX_PATTERN_COUNT 100


/*************************************************
*               Global variables                 *
*************************************************/

static char *pattern_filename = NULL;
static int  pattern_count = 0;
static pcre **pattern_list;
static pcre_extra **hints_list;

static BOOL count_only = FALSE;
static BOOL filenames = TRUE;
static BOOL filenames_only = FALSE;
static BOOL invert = FALSE;
static BOOL number = FALSE;
static BOOL recurse = FALSE;
static BOOL silent = FALSE;
static BOOL whole_lines = FALSE;

/* Structure for options and list of them */

typedef struct option_item {
  int one_char;
  char *long_name;
  char *help_text;
} option_item;

static option_item optionlist[] = {
  { -1,  "help",         "display this help and exit" },
  { 'c', "count",        "print only a count of matching lines per FILE" },
  { 'h', "no-filename",  "suppress the prefixing filename on output" },
  { 'i', "ignore-case",  "ignore case distinctions" },
  { 'l', "files-with-matches", "print only FILE names containing matches" },
  { 'n', "line-number",  "print line number with output lines" },
  { 'r', "recursive",    "recursively scan sub-directories" },
  { 's', "no-messages",  "suppress error messages" },
  { 'V', "version",      "print version information and exit" },
  { 'v', "invert-match", "select non-matching lines" },
  { 'x', "line-regex",   "force PATTERN to match only whole lines" },
  { 'x', "line-regexp",  "force PATTERN to match only whole lines" },
  { 0,    NULL,           NULL }
};


/*************************************************
*       Functions for directory scanning         *
*************************************************/

/* These functions are defined so that they can be made system specific,
although at present the only ones are for Unix, and for "no directory recursion
support". */


/************* Directory scanning in Unix ***********/

#if IS_UNIX
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <dirent.h>

typedef DIR directory_type;

int
isdirectory(char *filename)
{
struct stat statbuf;
if (stat(filename, &statbuf) < 0)
  return 0;        /* In the expectation that opening as a file will fail */
return ((statbuf.st_mode & S_IFMT) == S_IFDIR)? '/' : 0;
}

directory_type *
opendirectory(char *filename)
{
return opendir(filename);
}

char *
readdirectory(directory_type *dir)
{
for (;;)
  {
  struct dirent *dent = readdir(dir);
  if (dent == NULL) return NULL;
  if (strcmp(dent->d_name, ".") != 0 && strcmp(dent->d_name, "..") != 0)
    return dent->d_name;
  }
return NULL;   /* Keep compiler happy; never executed */
}

void
closedirectory(directory_type *dir)
{
closedir(dir);
}


#else


/************* Directory scanning when we can't do it ***********/

/* The type is void, and apart from isdirectory(), the functions do nothing. */

typedef void directory_type;

int isdirectory(char *filename) { return FALSE; }
directory_type * opendirectory(char *filename) {}
char *readdirectory(directory_type *dir) {}
void closedirectory(directory_type *dir) {}

#endif



#if ! HAVE_STRERROR
/*************************************************
*     Provide strerror() for non-ANSI libraries  *
*************************************************/

/* Some old-fashioned systems still around (e.g. SunOS4) don't have strerror()
in their libraries, but can provide the same facility by this simple
alternative function. */

extern int   sys_nerr;
extern char *sys_errlist[];

char *
strerror(int n)
{
if (n < 0 || n >= sys_nerr) return "unknown error number";
return sys_errlist[n];
}
#endif /* HAVE_STRERROR */



/*************************************************
*              Grep an individual file           *
*************************************************/

static int
pcregrep(FILE *in, char *name)
{
int rc = 1;
int linenumber = 0;
int count = 0;
int offsets[99];
char buffer[BUFSIZ];

while (fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), in) != NULL)
  {
  BOOL match = FALSE;
  int i;
  int length = (int)strlen(buffer);
  if (length > 0 && buffer[length-1] == '\n') buffer[--length] = 0;
  linenumber++;

  for (i = 0; !match && i < pattern_count; i++)
    {
    match = pcre_exec(pattern_list[i], hints_list[i], buffer, length, 0, 0,
      offsets, 99) >= 0;
    if (match && whole_lines && offsets[1] != length) match = FALSE;
    }

  if (match != invert)
    {
    if (count_only) count++;

    else if (filenames_only)
      {
      fprintf(stdout, "%s\n", (name == NULL)? "<stdin>" : name);
      return 0;
      }

    else if (silent) return 0;

    else
      {
      if (name != NULL) fprintf(stdout, "%s:", name);
      if (number) fprintf(stdout, "%d:", linenumber);
      fprintf(stdout, "%s\n", buffer);
      }

    rc = 0;
    }
  }

if (count_only)
  {
  if (name != NULL) fprintf(stdout, "%s:", name);
  fprintf(stdout, "%d\n", count);
  }

return rc;
}




/*************************************************
*     Grep a file or recurse into a directory    *
*************************************************/

static int
grep_or_recurse(char *filename, BOOL recurse, BOOL show_filenames,
  BOOL only_one_at_top)
{
int rc = 1;
int sep;
FILE *in;

/* If the file is a directory and we are recursing, scan each file within it.
The scanning code is localized so it can be made system-specific. */

if ((sep = isdirectory(filename)) != 0 && recurse)
  {
  char buffer[1024];
  char *nextfile;
  directory_type *dir = opendirectory(filename);

  if (dir == NULL)
    {
    fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Failed to open directory %s: %s\n", filename,
      strerror(errno));
    return 2;
    }

  while ((nextfile = readdirectory(dir)) != NULL)
    {
    int frc;
    sprintf(buffer, "%.512s%c%.128s", filename, sep, nextfile);
    frc = grep_or_recurse(buffer, recurse, TRUE, FALSE);
    if (frc == 0 && rc == 1) rc = 0;
    }

  closedirectory(dir);
  return rc;
  }

/* If the file is not a directory, or we are not recursing, scan it. If this is
the first and only argument at top level, we don't show the file name.
Otherwise, control is via the show_filenames variable. */

in = fopen(filename, "r");
if (in == NULL)
  {
  fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Failed to open %s: %s\n", filename, strerror(errno));
  return 2;
  }

rc = pcregrep(in, (show_filenames && !only_one_at_top)? filename : NULL);
fclose(in);
return rc;
}




/*************************************************
*                Usage function                  *
*************************************************/

static int
usage(int rc)
{
fprintf(stderr, "Usage: pcregrep [-Vcfhilnrsvx] [long-options] pattern [file] ...\n");
fprintf(stderr, "Type `pcregrep --help' for more information.\n");
return rc;
}




/*************************************************
*                Help function                   *
*************************************************/

static void
help(void)
{
option_item *op;

printf("Usage: pcregrep [OPTION]... PATTERN [FILE] ...\n");
printf("Search for PATTERN in each FILE or standard input.\n");
printf("Example: pcregrep -i 'hello.*world' menu.h main.c\n\n");

printf("Options:\n");

for (op = optionlist; op->one_char != 0; op++)
  {
  int n;
  char s[4];
  if (op->one_char > 0) sprintf(s, "-%c,", op->one_char); else strcpy(s, "   ");
  printf("  %s --%s%n", s, op->long_name, &n);
  n = 30 - n;
  if (n < 1) n = 1;
  printf("%.*s%s\n", n, "                    ", op->help_text);
  }

printf("\n  -f<filename>  or  --file=<filename>\n");
printf("    Read patterns from <filename> instead of using a command line option.\n");
printf("    Trailing white space is removed; blanks lines are ignored.\n");
printf("    There is a maximum of %d patterns.\n", MAX_PATTERN_COUNT);

printf("\nWith no FILE, read standard input. If fewer than two FILEs given, assume -h.\n");
printf("Exit status is 0 if any matches, 1 if no matches, and 2 if trouble.\n");
}




/*************************************************
*                Handle an option                *
*************************************************/

static int
handle_option(int letter, int options)
{
switch(letter)
  {
  case -1:  help(); exit(0);
  case 'c': count_only = TRUE; break;
  case 'h': filenames = FALSE; break;
  case 'i': options |= PCRE_CASELESS; break;
  case 'l': filenames_only = TRUE;
  case 'n': number = TRUE; break;
  case 'r': recurse = TRUE; break;
  case 's': silent = TRUE; break;
  case 'v': invert = TRUE; break;
  case 'x': whole_lines = TRUE; options |= PCRE_ANCHORED; break;

  case 'V':
  fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep version %s using ", VERSION);
  fprintf(stderr, "PCRE version %s\n", pcre_version());
  exit(0);
  break;

  default:
  fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Unknown option -%c\n", letter);
  exit(usage(2));
  }

return options;
}




/*************************************************
*                Main program                    *
*************************************************/

int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
int i, j;
int rc = 1;
int options = 0;
int errptr;
const char *error;
BOOL only_one_at_top;

/* Process the options */

for (i = 1; i < argc; i++)
  {
  if (argv[i][0] != '-') break;

  /* Long name options */

  if (argv[i][1] == '-')
    {
    option_item *op;

    if (strncmp(argv[i]+2, "file=", 5) == 0)
      {
      pattern_filename = argv[i] + 7;
      continue;
      }

    for (op = optionlist; op->one_char != 0; op++)
      {
      if (strcmp(argv[i]+2, op->long_name) == 0)
        {
        options = handle_option(op->one_char, options);
        break;
        }
      }
    if (op->one_char == 0)
      {
      fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Unknown option %s\n", argv[i]);
      exit(usage(2));
      }
    }

  /* One-char options */

  else
    {
    char *s = argv[i] + 1;
    while (*s != 0)
      {
      if (*s == 'f')
        {
        pattern_filename = s + 1;
        if (pattern_filename[0] == 0)
          {
          if (i >= argc - 1)
            {
            fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: File name missing after -f\n");
            exit(usage(2));
            }
          pattern_filename = argv[++i];
          }
        break;
        }
      else options = handle_option(*s++, options);
      }
    }
  }

pattern_list = malloc(MAX_PATTERN_COUNT * sizeof(pcre *));
hints_list = malloc(MAX_PATTERN_COUNT * sizeof(pcre_extra *));

if (pattern_list == NULL || hints_list == NULL)
  {
  fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: malloc failed\n");
  return 2;
  }

/* Compile the regular expression(s). */

if (pattern_filename != NULL)
  {
  FILE *f = fopen(pattern_filename, "r");
  char buffer[BUFSIZ];
  if (f == NULL)
    {
    fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Failed to open %s: %s\n", pattern_filename,
      strerror(errno));
    return 2;
    }
  while (fgets(buffer, sizeof(buffer), f) != NULL)
    {
    char *s = buffer + (int)strlen(buffer);
    if (pattern_count >= MAX_PATTERN_COUNT)
      {
      fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Too many patterns in file (max %d)\n",
        MAX_PATTERN_COUNT);
      return 2;
      }
    while (s > buffer && isspace((unsigned char)(s[-1]))) s--;
    if (s == buffer) continue;
    *s = 0;
    pattern_list[pattern_count] = pcre_compile(buffer, options, &error,
      &errptr, NULL);
    if (pattern_list[pattern_count++] == NULL)
      {
      fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Error in regex number %d at offset %d: %s\n",
        pattern_count, errptr, error);
      return 2;
      }
    }
  fclose(f);
  }

/* If no file name, a single regex must be given inline */

else
  {
  if (i >= argc) return usage(0);
  pattern_list[0] = pcre_compile(argv[i++], options, &error, &errptr, NULL);
  if (pattern_list[0] == NULL)
    {
    fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Error in regex at offset %d: %s\n", errptr,
      error);
    return 2;
    }
  pattern_count++;
  }

/* Study the regular expressions, as we will be running them may times */

for (j = 0; j < pattern_count; j++)
  {
  hints_list[j] = pcre_study(pattern_list[j], 0, &error);
  if (error != NULL)
    {
    char s[16];
    if (pattern_count == 1) s[0] = 0; else sprintf(s, " number %d", j);
    fprintf(stderr, "pcregrep: Error while studying regex%s: %s\n", s, error);
    return 2;
    }
  }

/* If there are no further arguments, do the business on stdin and exit */

if (i >= argc) return pcregrep(stdin, NULL);

/* Otherwise, work through the remaining arguments as files or directories.
Pass in the fact that there is only one argument at top level - this suppresses
the file name if the argument is not a directory. */

only_one_at_top = (i == argc - 1);
if (filenames_only) filenames = TRUE;

for (; i < argc; i++)
  {
  int frc = grep_or_recurse(argv[i], recurse, filenames, only_one_at_top);
  if (frc == 0 && rc == 1) rc = 0;
  }

return rc;
}

/* End */

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